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Kashan

Kashan: Bagh- Tarikhi-ye Fin

Geographical status:
Longitude: 51, 27

Latitude: 33, 59
Altitude: 950 m above sea level
 
Average annual temperature:
Diagram for mean annual temperature(1994)
Hottest month:
coldest month:
Average annual precipitation: mm
Maximum precipitation in one day: mm
Average relation humidity: morning: noon:
Average number of freezing day: day

Population(1996): 335,785

Baghshah-e Fin and Cheshmeh Solaymanieh (Solaymanieh Spring)

This garden is known as one of the most beautiful old gardens in Iran. It has been prized for its Solaymanieh

spring water flowing, plenty of old trees, numerous natural springs and ponds. The Solaymanieh spring

(Cheshmeh Solaymanieh), which pours out of Kuh Dandaneh mountain located 7 kilometers southwest of

Kashan city is known as one of the earliest underground water reserves in Iran.

The buildings in Fin garden which include two structures belonging to Shah Abbas and Fath Ali Shah and a

building attributed to Karimkhan and a bath (the bath is famous since Amir Kabir was killed there), are

examples of the architecture of various eras including the Safavids (1499-1723 ), Zandieh (1750-1891 ) and

Qajar (1785-1886 ) all combined to form an outstanding collection.

 

Seyalk Hills

Seyalk hills are located 3 kilometers from southwest of Kashan. The discoveries made in the Seyalk hills of

Kashan in 1937 and 1938 indicate that about 4500 BC some relatively civilized ethnic groups who used stone

and bones as their tools were stationed in that region. In 4200 BC the lifestyle of these people developed in a

manner observed in the style, kind, design and color of the dishes they used to make. It seems that the original

inhabitants of this region were overcome by the newly immigrated tribes and nations whose dishes enjoyed a

black background using red clay. The artistic manifestations of these tribes which penetrated into such

regions as suburbs of Tehran, Cheshmeh Ali, Ray, Ismaeil Abad and Shahryar hills have been already

unearthed. (4000 - 3800 BC).

Since then and concurrent with the arrival of new nations, the northern hills turn deserted and the southern

hills develop and represent the future Seyalk civilizations. The most important discoveries in this region

include Elamite clay tablets. These tablets show that 5500 years ago, as a result of the relationship

established between these tribes and nations with the civilization of Shusha, they learnt how to write Elamite.

Numerous clay tablets with such caligraphy have been discovered in Seyalk which have been entitled

cemetery A and cemetery B. The works produced by the tribes who lived in the second millenium have been

unearthed from the cemetery A and those produced in late second millenium and early first milenium from

cemetery B of the Seyalk hills. The items discovered in cemetery B belong to the newly arrived immigrants

and are very much like the items unearthed from Gian hill in Nahavand, Khorvin hill in Savoj Bolagh, Hasanloo

hills in Naqadeh, Goy Tappeh and some regions in Lorestan province.

 

 

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