Tomba di filosofo Avicenna


Geographical status
Longitude: 48, 31
Latitude: 34, 48
Altitude: 1749 m above sea level
Average annual temperature: 10/9 degree
Hottest month: August with 25/5 degree
coldest month: February with -2/2 degree

Average annual precipitation: 318 mm
Maximum precipitation in one day: 96 mm

Average relation humidity: morning: %68 noon: %40
Average number of freezing day: 129 day

Population(1996): 563466

Ali Sadr Cave

This cave is located 80 kilometers northwest of Hamadan, in the Subashi mountains close to Ali Sadr village and is one of the most beautiful natural features in the world.
This cave is composed of large and small spiral channels which are linked to one another.In some sections the cave is 100 meters wide and 10 meters high.
Ali Sadr cave was discovered during the fourth and fifth centuries and today lots of tourists visist it in the summer.

Hekmataneh Mound

As a result of excavations in the Hekmataneh ancient hill some objects and items have been unearthed which belong to the Medes, Parthians, Sassanids, and the Islamic era. The 2 to 5 meter deep excavations in the Hekmataneh ancient city indicate that the uncovered city had been built applying a very exact style of architecture. According to archaeologists the ntiquity of the Hekmataneh ancient mound goes back to 7 centuries B.C. and is said to have embraced the miraculous palace of the Achaemenid kings. This ancient mound which is 38 hectares in area is located in the center of the present city of Hamadan.

Ganj Nameh

On the gigantic rocks of Alvand mountain, the two Achaemenid kings namely Darius the first and Xerxes (522 - 484 B.C.) have described their conquests in an inscription carved in the stone asking for help from Ahuramazda. The later generations who could not read the cuneiform alphabets of the ancient Persian, Elamite and Babilian scripts thought it was the guide to an uncovered treasury.
Ganj Nameh is located five kilometers from southwestern
Hamadan (the ancient Ecbatana) which served as the capital of the Medes and Achaemenids, in a region called Abbas Abad. There are two plate inscriptions, one on the right side embracing the name of Xerxes and the one on the left embracing the name of Darius the Great.
The translation of the text of the right side plate attributed to Xerxes is as follows :"The mighty lord is Ahuramazda, the god of gods, who created this land, the sky and the people, the same god
who brought people happiness, who appointed Xerxes as king, the unique king of kings, the unique ruler of the rulers, I am Xerxes, the great king, king of kings, king of multinational countries, king of this large land, the son of Darius the Achaemenid."
This translation corresponds with part of the inscription attributed to Xerxes at the main entrance of Persepolis and the other plate inscription of Ganj Nameh attributed to Darius the first, the father of Xerxes, had the same sentences with the difference that instead of Xerxes it has the name of Darius. These two plates too, similar to the majority of  inscriptions by the Achaemenid kings include greetings to Ahuramazda and the fathers and forefathers of these kings.