Longitude: 48, 18
Latitude: 48, 15
Altitude: 1349 m above sea level
Average annual temperature: 8/5 degree
Hottest month: August with 17/7 degree
coldest month: February with -2/0 degree
Average annual precipitation: 300 mm
Maximum precipitation in one day: 66 mm
Average relation humidity: ----
Average number of freezing day: 151 day
Sheik Saffieddin Ardebili
Sheik Saffieddin Ardebili, Saffieddin Abol Fath Ashagh Ibn
Amiroddin Jebraeel Ibn Saleh Ibn Qotboddin
Ahmad, the 14th century gnostic and mystic was born in the
He was born in 1252 AD
and passed away in 1335 AD in
Saffieddin Ardebili is the grand ancestor of
kings. He was much interested in Sufism when young
and that is why he travelled to
where he began learning interpretation. He also met with
22 years in the service of his instructor Sheik Zahed Gilani
and finally succeeded him. Sheik Saffiedin Ardebili
is an outstanding figure in Sufism. The Sheik's spiritual
influence and as a result his political influence in Asia
Minor had caused the concern of the Ottoman Sultans. He composed
poems in Azeri and Farsi (Persian)
His son succeeded him after death.
The Bazaar of Ardabil
In the form of a complex, the Bazaar of
is composed of all elements which form a traditional bazaar
small shops, aisles, public bath and a mosque. The bazaar
is located in the center of the city on the
sides of Imam Khomeini avenue. This complex enjoys antiquity.
The early travellers who have mentioned the
include Moghaddasi and Estakhri in the tenth century . They
describe the bazaar in the form
of a cross formed of four smaller units. The existing bazaar
and its components belong to
(1755-1891) eras. The ceilings of the bazaar are inter-joined
domes in simple
form. The bazaar is composed of the main section, the goldsmith
bazaar, Gheisarieh bazaar, Pir Abdol Malek
section, turners bazaar, shoe-makers bazaar and Gholaman (servants)
Sar Ein Spas
or Sar Ghein village, a district of Irdimoosi village, is
located in the west of
city and is only
28 kilometers from the city of
and 6 kilometers from the
road. The hot mineral waters
are products of the volcanic activities of Milan mountain.
The following lists the most important spas
of this region.
1- Gavmish Goli (buffalo pool) hot mineral water is the biggest
hot mineral stream of
of the water is 45 degrees centigrade, its PH is 5.8 and its
electrical conductivity at 20 degrees is 1450, and
finally its output is about 30 liters a second.
2- Ghara Sue (black water) hot spa with a water temperature
of 141 degrees centigrade and a PH equalling 6.
Its electrical conductivity at 20 degrees is 1450 and its
output about 1.5 liters a second.
3- Sari Sue hot spa (yellow water)- The water temperature
of this stream is 47 degrees where it pours out and
44 degrees in the pond, the PH is 6.2, its electrical conductivity
at 20 degrees is 1350 and its output is about
three liters a second.
4- Gazal hot water spring, with a temperature of 43 degrees
in the pond and a PH equal to 6. Its electrical
conductivity at 20 degrees is 1440 and its output is about
1.5 liters a second.
5- Ab Cheshmeh, with an output of about 6 liters a minute
is used as remedy for eye diseases. Its temperature
is 21 degrees and its PH 5.2.
There are other hot water spas like Besh Baji Lar and Ghahveh
Khaneh Hemmat which are classified as
gaseous Chloro Bi- Carbonated Calcic waters containing a good
amount of silica. Considering the electric
conductivity, all these spas appear to have one single origin
in the very depth of the ground. When streaming
up some Calcium Carbonate is added to it .